Photoionization dynamics of polyatomic molecules

Hockett, Paul (2009) Photoionization dynamics of polyatomic molecules. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

The work presented in this thesis was carried out with the ultimate aim of learning about the photoionization dynamics of polyatomic molecules. This is a complex problem; in order to obtain sufficient experimental data to shed light on the dynamics careful measurement of photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) is required. Ideally these measurements are rotationally-resolved, and the angular distributions measured correspond to the formation of the molecular ion in a single rotational state. The ionization event, in the dipole approximation, can be completely described by the dipole matrix elements. If sufficient experimental data to determine the radial components of the matrix elements and associated phases, the dynamical parameters, can be obtained the photoionization experiment may be said to be complete. Analysis of such experiments requires that the initial state of the molecular system is also known, to this end resonance-enhanced multi-photon ionization (REMPI) schemes can be used in order to populate a single quantum state prior to ionization. The experiments presented here follow this methodology, with various REMPI schemes used to prepare (pump) and ionize (probe) the molecule under study, and the velocity-map imaging (VMI) technique used to (simultaneously) record the photoelectron spectra and angular distributions.

Two molecules have been studied experimentally, acetylene (C2H2) and ammonia (NH3). In both cases dynamical parameters pertaining to the formation of specific states (vibronic or vibrational) of the molecular ion have been determined from experimental data. Additionally, in the ammonia work, rotationally-resolved photoelectron images were obtained.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Supervisors:Reid, K.L.
Powis, I.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ionization, molecular physics, physical chemistry, spectroscopy, acetylene, ammonia
Faculties/Schools:UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
ID Code:857
Deposited By:Mr Paul Hockett
Deposited On:24 Mar 2010 10:59
Last Modified:24 Mar 2010 10:59

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