Statistical Analysis of Proteomic Mass Spectrometry Data
Handley, Kelly (2007) Statistical Analysis of Proteomic Mass Spectrometry Data. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
This thesis considers the statistical modelling and analysis of proteomic mass spectrometry data. Proteomics is a relatively new field of study and tried and tested methods of analysis do not yet exist. Mass spectrometry output is high-dimensional and so we firstly develop an algorithm to identify peaks in the spectra in order to reduce the dimensionality of the datasets. We use the results along with a variety of classification methods to examine the classification of new spectra based on a training set. Another method to reduce the complexity of the problem is to fit a parametric model to the data. We model the data as a mixture of Gaussian peaks with parameters representing the peak locations, heights and variances, and apply a Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm to obtain their estimates. These resulting estimates are used to identify m/z values where differences are apparent between groups, where the m/z value of an ion is its mass divided by its charge. A multilevel modelling framework is also considered to incorporate the structure in the data and locations exhibiting differences are again obtained.
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