Novel functions of the MOZ double PHD finger domain

Deeves, Sian Elizabeth (2012) Novel functions of the MOZ double PHD finger domain. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Monocytic leukaemia zinc-finger protein (MOZ) is a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) implicated in haematopoiesis and acute myeloid leukaemia, as well as embryonic and postnatal development. MOZ contains multiple domains, including a MYST HAT domain and a double PHD finger domain (DPF) suggesting it interacts with histones. This work has established for the first time that the MOZ DPF exhibits dual functionality in establishing and sensing post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones. Firstly, our data detected the direct interaction of MOZ with the N-terminal tails of histones H3 and H4 and shows that the MOZ DPF domain mediates such binding. Both PHD fingers are required and functionally cooperate to establish the DPF histone binding preference in terms of PTMs. We demonstrate that H3K4me3 prevents MOZ DPF association with H3, although H3K4me2 is tolerated. Similarly, H4Kac acts as a dominant exit signal that excludes MOZ from chromatin. This ability to sense H3K4 PTM status was confirmed in a collaborative effort establishing the crystal structure of MOZ DPF in complex with an unmodified H3 peptide. The H3 peptide adopted an α-helical conformation in the complex, which has not previously been observed.

Secondly, we present novel data showing that the MOZ DPF domain exhibits a mild histone H3-specific acetyltransferase activity. This provides the first report of a possible enzymatic role in chromatin modification attributed to a PHD finger. Furthermore, the combined DPF and MYST domains were found to influence the reaction rate and substrate specificity of MOZ-induced histone acetylation.

Our studies revealed that the MOZ DPF could associate with heterochromatic PTMs, namely H3K9me3. We report here that both the H3K9-specific methyltransferase SUV39H1 and heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) form interactions with MOZ, implicating its function in both corepressor and coactivator complexes. Thus, our data suggest that like several other chromatin-associated proteins, MOZ is a multi-functional regulator of chromatin modification and gene expression.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Supervisors:Heery, D.M.
Faculties/Schools:UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
ID Code:2503
Deposited By:Dr Sian Elizabeth Deeves
Deposited On:17 Oct 2012 10:55
Last Modified:17 Oct 2012 10:55

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