Studies of III-V ferromagnetic semiconductors

Wang, Mu (2012) Studies of III-V ferromagnetic semiconductors. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

The III-V ferromagnetic semiconductor Gallium Manganese Arsenide ((Ga,Mn)As) is one of the most interesting and well studied materials in spintronics research area.

The first chapter is a brief introduction to spintronics, the properties of (Ga,Mn)As and the growth technique molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Then the thesis presents a detailed study of the effect on the Curie temperature (TC) of varying the growth conditions and post-growth annealing procedures for epitaxially grown (Ga,Mn)As materials. The results indicate that it is necessary to optimize the growth parameters and post-growth annealing procedure to obtain the highest TC. From detailed magnetotransport studies, the carrier densities of high TC (Ga,Mn)As and H-doped (Ga,Mn)As have been achieved. It is found that the anomalous Hall resistance is the dominant contribution even at room temperature for these samples, which means it is incorrect to obtain carrier densities directly from Hall slope at high temperature. The results also show that the as-grown and lightly annealed H-doped (Ga,Mn)As samples have relatively high Curie temperatures down to low carrier density which make them good candidates for showing strong gate control of ferromagnetism.

Besides (Ga,Mn)As, this thesis also discusses the studies of III-V ferromagnetic semiconductors (Ga,Mn)(As,P), (Al,Ga,Mn)As and some heterostructures based on these materials. The experimental investigation shows that a (Ga,Mn)(As,P) single layer grown on GaAs substrate has perpendicular anisotropy easy axis after annealing. It also demonstrates a method to suppress the diffusion of interstitial Mn ions during low temperature annealing from specific layers in (Al,Ga,Mn)As based heterostructures. The magnetometry study shows that the individual layers in the heterostructure have tailored magnetic properties, which makes this material useful for the further investigation of tunnelling magnetoresistance and spin transfer torque phenomena.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Supervisors:Gallagher, B.L.
Faculties/Schools:UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
ID Code:2496
Deposited By:Mr Mu Wang
Deposited On:20 Sep 2012 12:38
Last Modified:20 Sep 2012 12:38

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