Fluid structure interaction modelling of cables used in civil engineering structures

Botterill, Neil (2010) Fluid structure interaction modelling of cables used in civil engineering structures. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Long, thin, flexible cylindrical elements of large scale structures are heavily influenced by the fluid flow around them. Equally, their movement has an appreciable effect on the fluid flow. This two-way interaction leads to complex dynamic behaviour that can cause fatigue and thus reduce operational lifetime. As demand for longer span bridges and drilling in deeper marine environments increases, research into the best modelling practice of this scenario gains importance.

The work described in this thesis establishes a suitable method to model in CFD aero/hydro-elastic behaviour of slender cylindrical elements in large scale structures. In order to achieve this outcome, the author has: modelled the drag crisis on a static cylindrical element; developed a suitable FSI coupling program; combined the drag crisis model with the FSI coupling program and validate against published experimental data.

The turbulence formulation used was carefully chosen taking into account the flow features that are important to the onset of the drag crisis. An LES formulation capable of adapting the model constant of the SGS model according to local shear conditions was identied as the best candidate to achieve this aim.

The fluid and structural solvers used were loosely coupled by an explicit method that achieved a balance of kinetic energy as well as matching displacement at the moving fluid/solid interface. The integration method and implementation of this coupling strategy was verified by running a test case at low Reynolds number that produced a regular sinusoidal lift function on the cylinder that was kept stationary. The displacement, velocity, and acceleration response produced by the structural solver was compared against a closed solution and found to match with an acceptable level of error.

A number of FSI simulations with the cylinder free to move in the cross-flow direction only was carried out. The displacement response was compared against published numerical and experimental data and the importance of having a sufficient spanwise dimension of flow domain was highlighted.

Simulations with the cylinder free to move in the along-flow direction aswell as cross-flow direction were carried out. In some simulations where lock-in was observed, the effect of the drag crisis was clearly seen. Energy entered into the system as a result of low drag on the upstream motion of the cylinder caused by the drag crisis. More simulations at different velocities are recommended to define a displacement response curve and make further new observations.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Supervisors:Morvan, H.P.
Owen, J.S.
Faculties/Schools:UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
ID Code:1657
Deposited By:Dr Neil Botterill
Deposited On:15 Feb 2011 14:43
Last Modified:15 Feb 2011 14:43

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