Quantum search algorithms

Hein, Birgit (2010) Quantum search algorithms. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

In this thesis two quantum search algorithms on two different graphs, a hypercube and a d-dimensional square lattice, are analysed and some applications of the lattice search are discussed.

The approach in this thesis generalises a picture drawn by Shenvi, Kempe and Whaley, which was later adapted by Ambainis, Kempe and Rivosh. It defines a one parameter family of unitary operators U_λ with parameter λ. It will be shown that two eigenvalues of U_λ form an avoided crossing at the λ-value where U_λ is equal to the old search operator.

This generalised picture opens the way for a construction of two approximate eigen- vectors at the crossing and gives rise to a 2×2 model Hamiltonian that is used to approximate the operator U_λ near the crossing. The thus defined Hamiltonian can be used to calculate the leading order of search time and success probability for the search. To the best of my knowledge only the scaling of these quantities has been known.

For the algorithm searching the regular lattice, a generalisation of the model Hamiltonian for m target vertices is constructed. This algorithm can be used to send a signal from one vertex of the graph to a set of vertices. The signal is transmitted between these vertices exclusively and is localised only on the sender and the receiving vertices while the probability to measure the signal at one of the remaining vertices is significantly smaller.

However, this effect can be used to introduce an additional sender to search settings and send a continuous signal to all target vertices where the signal will localise. This effect is an improvement compared to the original search algorithm as it does not need to know the number of target vertices.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Supervisors:Tanner, G.
Faculties/Schools:UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
ID Code:1512
Deposited By:Birgit Hein
Deposited On:25 Mar 2011 11:27
Last Modified:25 Mar 2011 11:27

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