Simplified equivalent modelling of electromagnetic emissions from printed circuit boards

Tong, Xin (2010) Simplified equivalent modelling of electromagnetic emissions from printed circuit boards. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Characterization of electromagnetic emissions from printed circuit boards (PCBs) is an important issue in electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) design and analysis of modern electronic systems. This thesis is focused on the development of a novel modelling and characterization methodology for predicting the electromagnetic emissions from PCBs in both free space and closed environment. The basic idea of this work is to model the actual PCB radiating source with a dipole-based equivalence found from near-field scanning.

A fully automatic near-field scanning system and scanning methodology are developed that provide reliable and sufficient data for the construction of equivalent emission models of PCB structures. The model of PCB emissions is developed that uses an array of equivalent dipoles deduced from magnetic near-field scans. Guidelines are proposed for setting the modelling configuration and parameters. The modelling accuracy can be improved by either improving the measurement efforts or using the mathematical regularization technique. An optimization procedure based on genetic algorithms is developed which addresses the optimal configuration of the model.

For applications in closed environments, the equivalent model is extended to account for the interactions between the PCB and the enclosure. The extension comprises a dielectric layer and a ground plane which explicitly represent the necessary electromagnetic passive properties of a PCB. This is referred to as the dipole-dielectric-conducting plane (DDC) model and provides a completely general representation which can be incorporated into electromagnetic simulation or analysis tools.

The modelling and characterization methodology provides a useful tool for efficient analysis of issues related to EMC design of systems with PCBs as regards predicting electromagnetic emissions in both free space and closed environment. The proposed method has significant advantages in tackling realistic problems because the equivalent models greatly reduce the computational costs and do no rely on the knowledge of detailed PCB structure.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Supervisors:Thomas, D.W.P.
Nothofer, A.
Christopoulos, C.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Printed circuit boards, near-field scanning, numerical modelling, equivalent dipole model, radiated electromagnetic emissions.
Faculties/Schools:UK Campuses > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
ID Code:1301
Deposited By:Mr Xin Tong
Deposited On:21 Feb 2011 10:24
Last Modified:21 Feb 2011 10:24

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